Countries shaded in brown have high biotech crop value, accounting for 98 percent of global biotech crop value and planted areas in 2003-2004 based on a study by Runge and Ryan (below). White and black dots are linked to select global plant biotechnology research centers.


United States


$27.5 billion
$8.9 billion
$3.9 billion
$2.0 billion
$1.6 billion
$43.9 billion

Leading Biotech Crops


Soybeans, cotton, maize (corn) and canola accounted for nearly all crop values and planted areas. Other countries with a significant level of commercial biotech crop production include South Africa, Mexico, Australia, India, Romania, Spain, the Philippines, and Uruguay (Runge and Ryan, 2004).

Additional crops of biotech research interest include alfalfa, apple, banana, barley, carrot, cassava, citrus, cocoa, coconut, coffee, flax, grape, lettuce, oil palm, olive, papaya, pea/bean, peanut, pineapple, potato, rice, sorghum, spinach, squash, strawberry, sugar beet, sugar cane, sunflower, tomato, watermelon, and wheat (Runge and Ryan, 2004).

See also "GM World View," Nature, 2003.


"Global Status of GM Crops in 2006," Clive James, ISAAA, 2006.

"Global Status of GM Crops in 2008," Clive James, ISAAA, 2008.


Map is a Mercator projection that exaggerates the size of areas far from the equator.

Global Maps of Human Technological Development

World Stem Cell Map

Stem Cell Research Centers Map 2009

Global Biotech & Biosecurity Map

Global Competitiveness /
Stem Cell Research Map

Stem Cell Science

Biotechnology Clusters Map 2006

Digital Innovation Map 2000

Industrialization Map 1850

Origin of Food Production Map

Electrification - Earth at Night
Mayhew & Simmon (NASA/GSFC)

Maps created with GMT software
Updated 2/28/12

William Hoffman -

Disclaimer: This work is a communications project of William Hoffman, a non-faculty employee of the University of Minnesota, and not the University of Minnesota. It is meant to help inform public discussion of stem cell research and human development.

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