Regions colored in brown represent established and emerging regions of industrialization about 1850.


Map is a Mercator projection that exaggerates the size of areas far from the equator.

Global Maps of Human Technological Development

World Stem Cell Map

Stem Cell Research Centers Map

Global Biotech & Biosecurity

Global Competitiveness /
Stem Cell Research Map

Stem Cell Science

Biotechnology Clusters Map

Global Biotech Crops Map

Digital Innovation Map 2000

Origin of Food Production Map

Electrification - Earth at Night
Mayhew & Simmon (NASA/GSFC)

Maps created with GMT software

William Hoffman -

Disclaimer: This work is a communications project of William Hoffman, a non-faculty employee of the University of Minnesota, and not the University of Minnesota. It is meant to help inform public discussion of stem cell research and human development.